Nearly all the slaves were brought to Bermuda from the West Indies or as slaves on ships captured by Bermuda privateers. The northern European minority descend from the original English colonists and subsequent arrivals from all over Britain including indentured laborers. A few Portuguese families arrived first in the 1840s from Madeira.Portuguese immigrants increasingly arrived in subsequent years to work in the growing agricultural industry. The language is a blend of British, North American, and various West Indian versions of the English language.Bermuda is shaped like a fish-hook, the eye being Saint George's Harbour at the northeast end, and the loop of the hook forming the Great Sound at the other, leading into Hamilton Harbour.Often mistakenly associated with the Caribbean, it is in fact nearer to Nova Scotia.
Only twenty-one square miles in area (fifty-five square kilometers), the island is comprised of many small islets around the Main Island and seven others that are bridged together.
This was critical to their commercial value since they could deliver goods more quickly than their competitors.
Crewed by Bermudians of all shades and degrees of servitude, they traded with ports all over the Atlantic coast of North America and the Caribbean.
The Union Flag occupies the upper, hoist quarter of an otherwise red flag and the Arms are within the red field.
They consist of a white and green shield in which a heraldic red lion grasps a scroll displaying the sinking of Somers' ship Sea Venture. Bermuda was first settled in 1609, when the Sea Venture, a British flagship carrying settlers and provisions to Jamestown, Virginia, wrecked on the islands' shores.
Blacks have been in the majority since some point in the late eighteenth century, and now comprise between 60 and 70 percent of Bermudians.