Other options for students include choir and art clubs.
Brass band, tea ceremony, and flower arrangement clubs are popular.
All course contents are specified in the Course of Study for Lower-Secondary Schools.
Teaching depends largely on the lecture system, with the main goal of covering the very demanding curriculum in the time allotted.
Approach and subject coverage tends to be uniform, at least in the public schools.
The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) recognizes a need to improve the teaching of all foreign languages, especially English.
Teachers also use other media, such as television and radio, and there is some laboratory work.
By 1989 about 45% of all public lower-secondary schools had computers, including schools that used them only for administrative purposes.
Each class is assigned a homeroom teacher who doubles as counselor.