For example, the negative experience of an impending dental surgery is perceived as increasingly more negative the closer one gets to the date of surgery than the positive experience of an impending party is perceived as increasingly more positive the closer one gets to the date of celebration (assuming for the sake of this example that these events are equally positive and negative).
Rozin and Royzman argue that this characteristic is distinct from that of negative potency because there appears to be evidence of steeper negative slopes relative to positive slopes even when potency itself is low.
For instance, research indicates that negative vocabulary is more richly descriptive of the affective experience than that of positive vocabulary.
which posits that negative events, as a consequence of this complexity, require a greater mobilization of cognitive resources to deal with the affective experience and a greater effort to minimize the consequences.
It is expected that a dishonest person will occasionally be honest, but this honesty will not counteract the prior demonstrations of dishonesty.
Honesty is considered more easily tarnished by acts of dishonesty.
This diagnostic preference for negative traits over positive traits is thought to be a consequence of behavioral expectations: there is a general expectation that, owing to social requirements and regulations, people will generally behave positively and exhibit positive traits.
Even though the positive and negative elements of the words were immaterial to the color-naming task, participants were slower to name the color of negative traits than they were positive traits.
This difference in response latencies indicates that greater attention was devoted to processing the trait itself when it was negative.
also known as the negativity effect, is the notion that, even when of equal intensity, things of a more negative nature (e.g.
unpleasant thoughts, emotions, or social interactions; harmful/traumatic events) have a greater effect on one's psychological state and processes than neutral or positive things.
Honesty itself would then be not diagnostic of an honest nature, only the absence of dishonesty.