The country is a member of several multilateral organisations, including the UN, WTO, IMF, G20, and a founding member of Non-Aligned Movement, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, East Asia Summit, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, and Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.However, Dutch academics writing in East Indies publications were reluctant to use Indonesia; they preferred Malay Archipelago (Maleische Archipel); the Netherlands East Indies (Nederlandsch Oost Indië), popularly Indië; the East (de Oost); and Insulinde.Jakarta, the country's capital, is the second-most populous urban area in the world.
This period marked a renaissance of Hindu-Buddhist art in ancient Java.
The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, coal, tin, copper, gold, and nickel, while agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices, and rubber.
The history of the Indonesian archipelago has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources.
The late 13th century saw the founding of the Hindu Majapahit kingdom in eastern Java.
It was one of the most powerful empires in Southeast Asia, and under Gajah Mada, its influence stretched over much of present-day Indonesia.
The sovereign state is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected legislature.